On behalf of the Editorial committee, I am happy to announce the debut of Volume 10, Number 2 of the Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (NJGH).
Accurate and reliable information on prevalence of diseases is critical to diagnosis and rational deployment of medical facilities by the practitioner. To the policy maker, a good knowledge of disease prevalence and distribution is a prerequisite for the allocation of scarce resources. Pharmaceutical companies also utilize epidemiologic data in their efforts to develop new drugs.
The central place of epidemiology in the search for causes and other factors that influence the occurrence of disease is captured in this issue of NJGH. Epidemiology of gastrointestinal diseases assumed prominence in modern medical literature following the pioneering works of Langman and Talley in their books on this subject. Their publications led to great strides in providing answers to the questions of who, where and when, pertaining to gastrointestinal diseases.
The articles featured in this issue underpin the pivotal role of epidemiology in gastroenterology. First is an analysis of patients referred to the gastroenterology service of a University Teaching Hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. In that paper, Hepatitis B Virus infection and Dyspepsia were the commonest reasons for gastroenterology consultation. In the same vein, the second article deals with knowledge of Hepatitis B virus and vaccination uptake among hospital workers in Southwestern Nigeria while the third paper is a country-wide population study of uninvestigated dyspepsia in Nigeria.
Upper gastrointestinal is the single most important investigation in dyspepsia. In what seems a cascading design, there is a paper on utilisation of gastrointestinal endoscopy in Southern Nigeria in which dyspepsia stands out as the commonest indication.
Lastly, this issue features abstracts of papers presented at the 2018 scientific conference of Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology (SOGHIN) in Abuja. Enjoy your reading. We would be pleased to receive your comments and suggestions.
— Professor Sylvester Chuks Nwokediuko
The articles featured in this issue underpin the pivotal role of epidemiology in gastroenterology. First is an analysis of patients referred to the gastroenterology service of a University Teaching Hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. In that paper, Hepatitis B Virus infection and Dyspepsia were the co...
— Temitope Oke and Samuel Ola
Introduction: Worldwide, gastrointestinal diseases are a major burden on health sector resources. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of gastroenterology referral and consultations as seen in the gastroenterology outpatient clinic (GEOPC) of the University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeri...
— Kolawole Oluseyi Akande, Adegboyega Akere and Morenike Adedoyin Osundina
Background/Objective: Hepatitis B is a public health problem and is the commonest aetiology for chronic liver disease in Nigeria. Many published works allude to the fact that hospital workers constitute a “special group at risk” owing to occupational exposure to HBV among other infective...
— Nwokediuko SC, Adekanle O, Akere A, Olokoba A, Anyanechi C, Umar S, Maiyaki A, Ijoma U, Obienu O, Uhunmwangho A, Gideon A, Chinwe O, Ugochukwu N and Ndububa D
Background: Dyspepsia is a chronic symptom complex characterized by epigastric pain or burning, postprandial fullness or early satiation.Its prevalence and risk factors exhibit a geographical variation the world over. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia in...
— Emeka Ray-Offor and Patrick O. Igwe
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a notable advancement in the diagnosis of diseases in the digestive tract. It offers the advantage of biopsy and a range of cost-effective therapeutic options.
Aims: To study the range of GI endoscopy procedures, indications, spectrum of findings and o...
— Multiple authors
Abstracts Presented at the 2018 Scientific Conference of Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN) held at National
Hospital Trauma Centre and NICON Luxury Hotel, Abuja July 10-13, 2018...
The Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, is a bi-annual publication of the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), which publishes original research on the biology and diseases of the Gut, Liver, Pancreas, Peritoneum and Spleen both in humans and experimental animal models.