In this edition, more clinical evidence is emerging in the area of Gastroenterology with the wider availability of endoscopic techniques in Nigeria. Akere, et. al identified gastric erosions as the commonest cause of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in Ibadan. Akintayo and Bojuwoye also report the finding of multiple angiodysplasia in the distal colon in a patient with the rare Osler- Weber-Rendu syndrome.
Other exciting highlights include identifying pregnant women with hepatitis B virus infection who may be at risk for mother-to-child HBV transmission. This article by Ogunlana et.al is particularly important and highlights the need for routine antenatal HBV testing.Obaseki et.al demonstrates convincingly that the use of pro-forma reporting ensures standardization and optimizes quality reporting in histopathology. The dissociation between the high prevalence of helicobacter infection and low incidence of gastric cancer- the African paradox is the subject of the review by Abdul Kareem and colleagues. The scientific abstracts presented at the recently concluded 8th SOGHIN AGM in Ilorin continue to showcase the rapidly expanding frontiers and the exciting growth of GI in the past year.
— Ogunlaja OA, Bojuwoye MO, Fawole AA, Adesina AK, Olawumi HO and Ogunlaja IP
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is endemic in Nigeria and indeed the whole of Sub-Saharan Africa. The Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN) recommends HBV screening for all Nigerians to pave way for early detection and treatment of the infection in those who ar...
— Akere A, Akande KO and Oke TO
Background: Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (UGIB) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Peptic ulcer accounts for about 50%. However, a study from the USA reported a decline in peptic ulcer perforation and bleeding. The aim was to evaluate the pattern of presentation and...
— Obaseki DE, Rotimi O, Mekoma DF and Obahiagbon I
Objective: To audit the completeness of histopathologic reports of Colorectal Cancer for prognostic information in a tertiary care hospital in the light of the minimum reporting standards for colorectal cancer resections recently proposed for use in Nigeria.
Material and Methods: Twenty–five ...
— Abdulkareem FB, Badmos KB and Awolola NA
The prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori (Hp) in West Africa is high and infection occurs early in childhood but there are very few studies on association of Hp with GC. Despite the high prevalence of Hp, gastric cancer incidence is low and precancerous lesions are rare. Although most strains of Hp are...
— Akintayo RO and Bojuwoye MO
Osler–Weber–Rendu syndrome, also known as hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), is a rare disorder of the fibrovascular tissue. It is an under-recognized disorder that results from multisystem vascular dysplasia. It is characterized by telangiectasias and arteriovenous malformati...
The Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, is a quarterly publication of the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), which publishes original research on the biology and diseases of the Gut, Liver, Pancreas, Peritoneum and Spleen both in humans and experimental animal models.