Volume 7

Vol. 7 No. 1

In this edition, more clinical evidence is emerging in the area of Gastroenterology with the wider availability of endoscopic techniques in Nigeria. Akere, et. al identified gastric erosions as the commonest cause of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in Ibadan. Akintayo and Bojuwoye also report the finding of multiple angiodysplasia in the distal colon in a patient with the rare Osler- Weber-Rendu syndrome.

Other exciting highlights include identifying pregnant women with hepatitis B virus infection who may be at risk for mother-to-child HBV transmission. This article by Ogunlana et.al is particularly important and highlights the need for routine antenatal HBV testing.Obaseki et.al demonstrates convincingly that the use of pro-forma reporting ensures standardization and optimizes quality reporting in histopathology. The dissociation between the high prevalence of helicobacter infection and low incidence of gastric cancer- the African paradox is the subject of the review by Abdul Kareem and colleagues. The scientific abstracts presented at the recently concluded 8th SOGHIN AGM in Ilorin continue to showcase the rapidly expanding frontiers and the exciting growth of GI in the past year.

Original Article

PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION AMONGST PATURIENTS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL

— Ogunlaja OA, Bojuwoye MO, Fawole AA, Adesina AK, Olawumi HO and Ogunlaja IP

Abstract:
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is endemic in Nigeria and indeed the whole of Sub-Saharan Africa. The Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN) recommends HBV screening for all Nigerians to pave way for early detection and treatment of the infection in those who ar...

Original Article

ACUTE UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING: PATTERN OF PRESENTATION AND AETIOLOGY IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA

— Akere A, Akande KO and Oke TO

Abstract:
Background: Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (UGIB) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Peptic ulcer accounts for about 50%. However, a study from the USA reported a decline in peptic ulcer perforation and bleeding. The aim was to evaluate the pattern of presentation and...

Original Article

AN AUDIT OF COLORECTAL CANCER HISTOPATHOLOGY REPORTS IN A TERTIARY HEALTH CARE CENTER IN NIGERIA

— Obaseki DE, Rotimi O, Mekoma DF and Obahiagbon I

Abstract:
Objective: To audit the completeness of histopathologic reports of Colorectal Cancer for prognostic information in a tertiary care hospital in the light of the minimum reporting standards for colorectal cancer resections recently proposed for use in Nigeria.<br /> <br /> Material and Methods: Twenty...

Original Article

HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTIONS AND GASTRIC CANCER: THE WEST AFRICAN EXPERIENCE

— Abdulkareem FB, Badmos KB and Awolola NA

Abstract:
The prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori (Hp) in West Africa is high and infection occurs early in childhood but there are very few studies on association of Hp with GC. Despite the high prevalence of Hp, gastric cancer incidence is low and precancerous lesions are rare. Although most strains of Hp are...

Case Reports

OSLER-WEBER-RENDU SYNDROME: CASE REPORT

— Akintayo RO and Bojuwoye MO

Abstract:
Osler&amp;ndash;Weber&amp;ndash;Rendu syndrome, also known as hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), is a rare disorder of the fibrovascular tissue. It is an under-recognized disorder that results from multisystem vascular dysplasia. It is characterized by telangiectasias and arteriovenous ma...

About Us

The Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepathology, is a quarterly publication of the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), which publishes original research on the biology and diseases of the Gut, Liver, Pancreas, Peritoneum and Spleen both in humans and experimental animal models.

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