Vol. 10 No. 2
— Nwokediuko SC, Adekanle O, Akere A, Olokoba A, Anyanechi C, Umar S, Maiyaki A, Ijoma U, Obienu O, Uhunmwangho A, Gideon A, Chinwe O, Ugochukwu N and Ndububa D
Background: Dyspepsia is a chronic symptom complex characterized by epigastric pain or burning, postprandial fullness or early satiation.Its prevalence and risk factors exhibit a geographical variation the world over. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia in Nigeria, a homogenous African population but with diverse cultures.
Methods: This was an observational and descriptive questionnaire-based study of adult Nigerians in which the dyspepsia module of Rome III diagnostic criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders was administered to participants.
Results: Out of 3522 subjects who participated in the study across the country, 461 (13.09%) satisfied the diagnostic criteria for dyspepsia. Epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) was the predominant subtype, accounting for 41.43% while postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and EPS-PDS overlap accounted for 34.71% and 23.86% respectively. Uninvestigated dyspepsia was more common in the Northern part of the country, compared to the South. Independent predictors of dyspepsia were cigarette smoking, tribe and use of Kola nut.
Conclusion: Dyspepsia is a very common medical problem in Nigeria, having a prevalence of 13% and being perhaps more common in the Northern part of the country. Epigastric pain syndrome is the predominant subtype. Its predictors include cigarette smoking, ethnic/cultural grouping and habitual use of Kolanut.
The Nigerian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, is a bi-annual publication of the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), which publishes original research on the biology and diseases of the Gut, Liver, Pancreas, Peritoneum and Spleen both in humans and experimental animal models.